Saranagathi (Papathi) - The Act of Surrender

  1. A person who is surrendering (Saranagatha) has to have absolute faith on the person to whom he is surrendering (Saranya).
  2. The person who is surrendering should be a total destitute with nothing to offer and nowhere to go.
  3. When the person who is surrendering has exhausted all the available avenues, he pleads before the Saranya with folded hands, feet touching, head touching the ground, with absolutely no doubts, with his mind, his intellect, and his ego under total control to grant Saranagathi.

There are absolutely NO pre-requisites to perform Saranagathi. Anyone can surrender at any time, at any place. You can surrender anywhere. You can surrender at any time – there is no time criteria as long as the Saranya is willing. The surrenderer who agrees he is a destitute is called a Saranagatha or Prapanna. The person being surrendered to (the grantor) is called a Saranya. The act of surrender is called Saranagathi or Prapatthi.
To perform Saranagathi, the Saranagatha should fall at the feet of the Saranya with:
  1. Two folded hands – indicating Akeechanyam meaning, I do not have anything to offer,
  2. Two feet touching/brought together – indicating Ananyagatheethvam meaning, I have no other place to go, I am a destitute, my feet are tied,
  3. Head touching the ground,
  4. With his mind (manas) under total control,
  5. With his intellect (buddhi) under total control, and
  6. With his ego (ahamkara) under total control
and performs Saranagathi (surrenders).
A Saranya has to be both Absolutely Supreme (Parathvam) and have Simplicity (Sourabhyam).

The Five Mandates of Saranagathi (Source: In his Daya Sathakam, Sri Vedanta Desika writes elaborately, and eloquently, about the five absolute mandates that are required of the Surrenderer (or Prapanna, or Saranagatha). These tenets have been handed down to us by Sri Bhagavad Ramanujacharya. They are as follows:
  1. Prathikoolya Varjanam: Giving up anything that is antagonistic to Sriman Narayana (The Saranya).
  2. Anukoolya Sangalpam: Only doing things that are conducive to attain Sriman Narayana's (The Saranya's) grace.
  3. Kaarpanyam(Absolute humility) or Ananya-Gateethvam: The realization that there is NO alternative except Sriman Narayana (The Saranya) as absolutely the Sole and Only Protector.
  4. Gopthrupthva Varanam: The deliberate choice of Sriman Narayana (The Saranya) as absolutely the Sole and Only Protector.
  5. Maha Vishwasam: Absolute and Unshakable Faith in Sriman Narayana (The Saranya) as absolutely the Sole and Only Protector.
Rahasya Traya or The Three Secrets of Surrender (Saranagathi or Prapatthi) You go to an Acharya for Prapathi or Saranagathi. The Saranagathi process includes among other things, Samashranam (SriVaishnava branding) and Bharanyasam. During Bharanyasam, you will be taught the Ashtakshara and the Dvaya Manthra. Source:


Sri Ranganatha

Dvaya Manthra

Sri Varadaraja Deva Perumal

Charma sloka
Sri Venkateshwara
--Bhagavath Gita : 18.66

Tirumantram is explained by Dwayam. The meaning of Dwayam is exactly explained and ordered only in Krishna Charma Sloka. It is Krishna's sloka which has the following:
  1. The virtues that are to be renounced (sarva dharman)
  2. The way to renounce (parityajya)
  3. The object of surrender (maam)
  4. The truth that Krishna is the only means and not even surrender (ekam)
  5. The upayama - Krishna's lotus feet (saranam)
  6. Accept absolutely and belief that Krishna is the upayam (vraja)
  7. Krishna - the supreme granter (aham)
  8. Jiva the beneficiary (tva)
  9. The benefit (removal of sins) (mokshayishyami)
  10. Command to be relieved of concern (maasuca:)
All these requisites of saranagati is complete only in Krishna carmasloka

Important Note:
Neither the Ashtakshara or the Dwaya Mantra or the Charma Sloka are secret.
What is secret is the hidden meanings of the
Ashtakshara , the Dwaya Mantra and the Charma Sloka.

Read The Saranagathi FAQ here