The Types of Differences (Bheda)

  1. Sajatiya Bheda (Intra-difference): Difference in the same class of objects. The two are same but different. Same, as both are jasmine plants and different as they are physically apart. Also the difference between an apple tree, and a mango tree. Both are trees, but different types of trees.
  2. Vijatiya Bheda (Inter-difference): Difference in class groupings. There is a pillar. It is different from the jasmine plant in the group itself. Also the difference between a mountain and a tree.
  3. Swagata Bheda (Self-difference): Difference within the attributes of the same class object. Within the jasmine plant, we find leaves and flowers. These constitute Swagata Bheda.